1. Learning How to Think Logically- Overview

Introduction/Overview

Introduction/Overview

Basic learning follows a methodical progression founded upon fundamental building blocks. It is a step-by-step advancement in understanding of what is perceived through our senses, a reasoning process to interpret what it is we that we perceive (to draw accurate conclusion), and then drawing a conclusion based on this cognitive process.

Understanding basic logic will enhance an individual’s ability to use their mental capabilities to their fullest extent. Any tool is of best service when it user has familiarized themselves with it. A the most proficient or journeyman are those who master it’s usage. The mind is a tool. To optimize its usage, we must understand how it operates in term of processes.

INTRODUCTION

I was fortunate enough to have had the opportunity to recieve formal education in the subjects considered in this section. I think to be able to tutor in any discipline would necessitate that the person tutoring would have to have at the very minimum competency in that discipline.

As a student, I recieved tutoring at times in subjects that I had some difficulty in grasping a particular concept.  I also made supplemental income by tutoring others with subjects that I was competent in, in situations where another had the difficulty understanding a particular concept.

As a student being tutored, I came by experience to appreciate the helpful role of my tutor. The tutor is a guide. He or she is not the Instructor. They teach the disciplines that they have been taught by someone else of greater knowledge and understanding. Most tutors understand the ‘relativity’ of their role.

A good tutor will teach in a way that will help a student become more proficient in areas that will enable the student to get a mental grasp on the discipline the student is being taught in the classroom.

That means that the tutor effectiveness is to be measured by their own accurate understanding of a subject and their ability to be able to convey that knowledge and understanding as the Instructor would have it taught.

The topic material presented in this Section will delve into two subjects that are at their cores highly complex. While the term ‘logic’ is used routinely in daily conversation without much thought, most have no understanding nor knowledge about the methodological logic-process required to come to logical conclusions.

I was introduced to the subject of ‘Logic” about 35 years ago as an electrical engineering student. The subject was a course requirement necessary to the field of digital electronics. Understanding basic logic is necessary in the fields of microprocessor based technology.

While taking the course, I was made aware of a man by the name of ‘George Boole‘. Boole conceptualized a math model that copied the logic process of the human brain. Booles math is known as ‘Boolean Algebra‘ and that model gave man the abilitity to create what is called ‘Artificial Intelligence‘.

Your digital devices work because they they are programmed to follow a logic instruction/code. They don’t work when they: don’t recieve a correct logic command or, can’t process the source information or, they don’t work because of ‘Operator Error’.

If one can see the value of logic in the reliability of your digital devices, it should not be difficult to appreciate logics value overall in life.

I also received a university education in human psychology. My study focus on Abornal Psychology and Axis II mental disorders. Much the course material dealt with dysfunction of the thinking/cognitive processes. There are of course, psysiological reasons why an individual may not have full use of their cognitive processes. But for many other, the breakdown is fixable with application of the right regiment and one’s own due diligence.

This becomes a matter re-educating yourself by unlearning bad ‘thinking habits’ and then, adopting different habits of thought based on a logical progression that will result accurate understanding and subsequent decision-making.

The technological information presented regarding logic devices, as well as information concerning brain function are not my personal thoughts or opinions. The sources of research and other reference materials will be cited within the Unit discissions.

It is my hope, that you will carefully consider how logic and logical thinking effect you or how they can effect your life in the future. As with anything endeavor that is worthwile, changing one’s way of thinking also requires determination and individual due diligence.

Richard Weathers

wrought iron scsrolling 3.rightwhitemat

 

Overview

 

 

Study Objectives

How Do We Think?

How Do We Think?

Basic learning follows a logical progression founded upon fundamental building blocks. It is a step-by-step advancement in understanding of what is perceived through our senses, a reasoning process to interpret what it is we that we perceive (to draw accurate conclusion), and then drawing a conclusion based on this cognitive process.

Sharpening one’s perceptive skills will enhance an individual’s ability to use their mental capabilities to their fullest extent. Any tool is of best service when it user has familiarized themselves with it. A the most proficient or journeyman are those who master it’s usage. The is al. To optimize its usage, we must understand how it operates in term of processes.

WHAT IS LOGIC?

“Logic” may be defined as the ‘science’ of reasoning. However, not quite like experimental or observational science like physics, biology, or psychology. Rather, ‘logic’ is a non-empirical science like mathematics. Also, in saying that logic is the science of reasoning, we do not mean that it is concerned with the actual mental (or physical) process employed by a thinking being when it is reasoning. The investigation of the actual reasoning process falls more appropriately within the province of psychology, neurophysiology, or cybernetics.”

Despite the necessity to be able to think logically, you will find particularly in public education, children who are sent into the academic educational program without having any prior training on how to learn/reason or how to approach learning. They simply start receiving information without any guidance on what to do with the information they are being bombarded with. There is no one teaching them how to sort it all out, or to keep it in order, or how to prioritize the importance of the information, etc.

I had one of my instructors state the situation in this way, “It’s like throwing a plate of spaghetti at a wall. Some will stick. But most will not and will simply slide down and off the wall”.

Ethical and moral guidance at an early stage of development is also missing. Without such guidance, how can it be expected that a person will use what they have learned appropriately.

Just for thought consider:

A hammer is a tool created to pound and claw out nails, to pound a chisel, or other various related chores.  A person can become an excellent handler of a hammer with a good working knowledge of how to use it.

A hammer can also be used for purposes that it was not created for.

It can be used as a deadly weapon. That’s not its intended use; but it can be used for purposes other than its intended use. In this instance as well, a person can become extremely proficient in it use with a good working knowledge, but not for an ethical purpose.

The point is this: We give our children knowledge that can be used either appropriately or inappropriately, without any ethical guidance in combination with it.

So for examples:  Young Sarah learns math and uses this knowledge trying to figure out astrological signs by numerology. Or, young James learns chemistry and now serves people drugs on the playground with the knowledge he has acquired.

The knowledge certainly isn’t bad is it? It would be the usage of the knowledge in these cases that would be wrong. Yet, without early exposure to some moral guidance to teach boundaries, these outcomes and others are likely to occur.

Morality too, is based on logic and reason.

Does God want us to use reason/logic? Yes.

Romans 12:1, “Therefore I exhort you brothers and sister, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a sacrifice – alive, holy, and pleasing to God .” NET

In Holy Scriptures, we are encouraged to have your, “perceptive powers of reason trained to distinguish right from wrong”.

Hebrews 5:14, “But solid food is for mature people, whose perceptions are trained by practice to discern both good and evil.” NET

Does God want our reasoning ability to grow? Yes.

1 Corinthians 13:11, “When I was a child, I used to speak like a child, think like a child, reason like a child; when I became a man, I did away with childish things”. ASV

And Holy Scripture tells us that God is ready and willing to reason with humans.

Isaiah 1:18, “Come now, and let us reason together, ” says the Lord……”

Reasoning ability is synonymous with logical thought. It requires logical thought to understand the will of God.

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Critical thinking is necessary in daily life.

Many problems we encounter require critical thinking in order to evaluate them correctly and come to a correct conclusion.

Some jobs are almostly entirely a matter of problem-solving. And many interviews for such positions inquire into the interviewees ability to solve problems. They do this to measure performance potential.

Such questions produce metrics that measure 1. Analytical Thinking- logical thinking, 2. Resourcefulness- adaptability, 3. Creativity- originality and ability to go beyond the traditional, 4. Determination- persistence, and 5. Orientation to Produce Results- focused on outcomes. Pamela Skillings http://biginterview.com/blog/2014/02/behavioral-interview-question-problem-solving.html

Keys to logically solving a problem are 1. Evaluating the problem 2. Managing the problem 3. Decision-making 4. Resolving the problem 5. Examining the result for validity

Problem solving is integral to human life. We problem-solve in all aspects of our lives everyday. We problem-solve academically; we problem-solve at work; and we in our day-to-day lives; and we problem-solve when reasoning to understand the word of God and it’s accurate meaning.

So the development of good reasoning capability is directly correlated to the measure of success a person is likely to have in achieving a complete, accurate perception of any reality.

You may have heard the term, ‘Analytical Approach’. An analytical approach to problem solving is by definition a “logical and methodical approach”.

To approach a situation in a ‘methodical’ manner is defined in the dictionary as:

Adjective
1.
performed, disposed, or acting in a systematic way; systematic; orderly:
a methodical person.
2.
painstaking, especially slow and careful; deliberate.

Two things should be noted in the definition. The first is that a logical approach to problem-solving should be systematic and orderly. There should be a methodical progression through that process. Second, the analytical problem-solving should be conducted slowly and carefully. Thought progression should be painstaking and careful. This precludes rushing to judgment.

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It makes sense to begin to share what we have to offer with basic concepts of logical thinking. We believe that in order to use your cognitive abilities, it is necessary to understood how they work individually and in conjunction with one another. That, then it will be possible to use them to construct accurate mental constructs/models of the realities we are presented with. These tools are for practical use in day-to-day life.

As with any tool, with more use, the better you will become at using it. And as all patterns of behavior become ingrained over time, these patterns of thought will likewise become ingrained in your psyche and will no longer be difficult to employ.

The first tutorial will present information that has come to understanding about the basic thought process. Many know that what has been dubbed “artificial intelligence” mimics the human brain by mimicking the mathematical processes performed in the human brain. There is a mathematically correct progression to a logical conclusion. George Boole, mentioned earlier, was a mathematician and philosopher who over 150 years ago developed a mathematical construct based on what he gleaned in understanding of the reasoning process. It was the theoretical work of George Boole that prepared the foundation which usher in today’s computer era. His model demonstrates a mathematical progression to reasoning. We will examine some of correlations between Boole’s models and the human logical thought process.

Absent any physiological abnormality in mental capability, we are born with the ability to reason; but we must learn how to use this ability. A child in early infancy uses reason and logic to understand the new world that they have just entered. They examine patterns all around them and then begin to piece them together so that they make sense. They learn how to function, learn language, etc. They ask question after question to get to a complete understanding.

Unfortunately, they ceased to when they are not nurtured to learn. Annoyed parents silence their children’s questioning and after awhile children cease asking “Why?” and start assuming they are getting correct understanding from unsubstantiated hearsay. They become thoughtless followers.

You can rekindle that thirst for accurate knowledge.

In life we make hundreds of individual decisions each day without giving them very much thought at all. Some decisions are inconsequential and others are not. Weighty decisions should be weighed carefully. There is a way of going about doing that.

God Almighty set a choice before the first man and his wife. They could obey God’s commandments and live or they could disobey His commandment and incur death. When he formed the nation of ancient Israel, He placed before them a decision they would have to make, either “the blessing” or “the malediction”. We have the same choice to make today. Shouldn’t such a crucially important decision be consider with the utmost of thought?

While the knowledge gained here will be a useful asset in day-to-day living, the second section will specifically delve into mental disciplines for obtaining the most benefit from Bible study.

In the first unit, we start with how we acquire information;  Perception.  The following unit (Unit2) will consider how to process information we receive through our senses using ‘logic’.   And last in Unit 3, we will examine some practical story-problems that will provide opportunity to put into practice what as been learned.

We hope this educational website will offer an outlet for any who wish to sharpen their cognitive abilities to perceive, comprehend, draw accurate conclusion, and go forth making correct decisions.

 

perception understanding graphic

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